Ancient China is not only known for its many talents, many famous landscapes but also the oldest and richest culture in the world. Traditional Chinese culture is called the divine culture, which has survived for thousands of years. Referring to traditional Chinese culture, people often refer to the following 15 greatest quintessence:
1. Book of changes – Yi Chin
Book of change is the crystallization of Chinese wisdom and culture for 5000 years. It is the root of Chinese culture and the source of philosophy.
2. Book of Ethics
Book of Ethics is the first comprehensive philosophical work in Chinese history and is also an important source of Taoist philosophy. “Book of Ethics”, “Book of changes” and “Analects” are called the three most influential thought sets of China.
3. Chinese Medicine
Traditional Chinese medicine is also known as Han medicine. The basis of reason and origin of Chinese medicine is “Huangdi Neijing” – the system of blood vein in human body. It is the most classic of Chinese theories in physic.
4. Ancient Dress – Hanfu
Han is the traditional costume and jewelry of the Han ethnic group, China. It is also called Han Dynasty dress code. It is derived from the Three Kings time which existed in B.C
China is the earliest country known about silk in the world. The inventor of Silk is the wife of the Emperor – Lui Thou. She is also called “The mother of Humanity.”
Tea, tea growing and tea producing are all from China. In Chinese history, 7,000 years ago, under the Shennong (The father of Chinese agriculture) era, Chinese people discovered tea leaves, moreover they also discovered tea leaves’ effect of medicine. Initially, they used it as a vegetable, then the usage shifted to mix wit hot water and until the Ming dynasty, they crush tea leaves into powder and add hot moisture to make a beverage.
7. The industry of making porcelains
China is the home of pottery, called “porcelain country”. Moreover, China’s porcelain-making techniques spread to other countries, also contributing to the spread of Chinese culture to the world.
8. Ancient Chinese painting
Chinese paintings are traditional forms of Han painting. Chinese paintings only use water markers, ink painting on silk or paper. This type of painting is called: “China Paint”, referred to as “National Paint”. In the paintings are old poetry.
Calligraphy is the art of writing originate from Han dynasty. There are general standardizations of the this tradition. There are various types of this art such as Xing (semi-cursive), developing style between Tsao and Kai; Cao (cursive), started during the Han Dynasty; Zhuan (seal), imposed via an official table with standard shapes in China 221 BC; Li (clerical), transforming style of Zuan; Kai (regular), the most commonly used style of Chinese calligraphy, and it is also regarded as the official style. From Dongtan to Tang Dynasty, calligraphy art of China gradually improved, constantly growing.
10. Ancient music, ethnic music
Chiense ancient national music instrument is Guqin, also known as the zither or jade zither which contains 7 strings, is one of the earliest instrument of China. It is a popular musical instrument from the Confucian period, dating back more than 4000 years.
11. Weiki – Go chess
Go chess – as it is called in English- is called Weiki in Chinese, Igo in Japanese and Baguk in Korean. As the ancient story goes, Emperor Yao was a legendary Chinese ruler, according to various sources, one of the Three Sovereigns and the Five Emperors. He invented go chess, in the game, there are black side and white side and the two always attack each other so that in Chinese its name means surrounding chess.
12. The four office equipment (pen, ink, paper, ink slab)
Office the four are just four types of tools used in the office of the ancients include: Pen, ink, paper, ink slab.
Taoism was born in the Eastern Han Dynasty, China. It has a history of 1800 years. Lao Tzu is the founder of this religion and is also worshiped as The old master.
14 chines ancient architect
Building house surround the courtyard is said to have originated from the Han dynasty. It is regarded by the world as an important heritage of culture.
Courtyard (院): The use of open courtyards architectures which have consisted of an empty space surrounded by buildings connected with one another either directly or through the verandas.
Opened- sky (天井): This structure is essentially a relatively enclosed courtyard formed from the intersections of closely spaced buildings and offer a small opening to the sky through the roof space from the floor up.
15. Martial arts
China is considered one of the roots of martial arts. Traditional martial arts of China includes various types, the most famous ones are: Shaolin, Hung Ga, T’ai chi ch’uan, Wing Chun…
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