Most people think that honoring the Lunar New Year is just a Chinese tradition, but it’s an event that’s celebrated in many countries in Asia. And the celebrations are as colorfully similar as they are diverse.
Chinese Lunar New Year usually starts from Lunar January 1st to January 15th. In lunar December, people clean, decorate their house ward off the bad luck of the old year and welcome good luck that will come along with the new year.
According to the myth, Nian is a monster revival at the end of each year bringing death and fear to the civils life. One day, people realize that this monster is afraid of red color and noise. Since then, from the end of the year, Chinese decorate their house with red flag, dress red clothes, giving red evelopes, fireworks display to make noise, drum up, singing, dancing, …..
In chinese zodiac there are twelves animal, each symbols a year and people also avoid killing the symbol’s fellow.
The first three days are the most important days, at the first day after midnight the whole family gather together, watching show, drama and light up all night.
The first morning of the year, children dress up with their new and colorful clothes, receive lucky money in red envelopes, the whole family visit relatives and grand parents. That day is the time for filial piety, some believe that setting fire and using knife in the new year days will bring bad luck so that food is prepare the previous day.
The next day, married women will return home with her family to visit her parents. In the ancient time, they were not allowed to go home regularly.
The third day, people spend time going to temple, worshipping, praying for goodluck, health and wealth in the new year. It’s not good time for visiting, meeting or gathering.
During the occasion, many events are held to banish evil, crual souls, and welcome spring, good things, and good luck.
Lunar new year is the biggest occasion in a year called Seollal. Like chinese, the Korean also clean, decorate their houses with flowers, ictures, distiches,…
At the midnight of the new year’s eve, they bathe in hot water to eliminate mortal dirt, bad luck and the old thing, firing bamboo sticks to scare ghosts, devils, stop them from entering their houses.
The traditional meal at the eve’s night is so variety with more than 20 dishes, Kim-chi and Ttok-kuk (a chicken or beef noodle) are indispensable.
On the first day of the year, people wear traditional hanbok costumes and celebrate ancesters worship at home, also known as Sebae. After commemorating their ancestors, the children will pay homage to their parents and grandparents by bowing to them. Adults will respond by giving lucky money or offering other precious gifts such as gold, jewels … to their children. After the ceremony, the whole family will eat rice cake soup for breakfast. In the following days, Koreans often held many celebratory activities such as dancing, singing and playing folk games.
80% of population is Chinese- Singaporian , the Lunar New Year in Singapore is extremely important. At the end of the year, families begin to buy new clothes and clean their homes. On the Eve night, everyone gathers around the table for last meal of the year. Fish is an indispensable dish for Singaporeans on this day because they think fish will bring good luck. On that night, children in Singapore are allowed awaking with their parents waiting for New Year coming, fireworks, worshiping ancestors.
New Year’s first morning, people dress up new clothes, go to pparents, grandparents’s hosue, wishing they with the b est. Apart from lucky money, the give each other ripe tangerine – symbol of luck. Every gift must be in pair, because the Singaporian consider odd number will bring bad fortune. At the first days, people eat donuts made of glutinous rice and red sugar.
In Singapore, there is a special program called Spring Festival, also known as Chun Jie. Chun Jie lasts about 6 weeks from early January to mid-February with many festivals such as Singapore River Hongbao; Chingay Parade of Dreams parade with the participation of hundreds of people;
Lunar New Year in Mongolia is called Tsagaan Sar. For the Mongols, Tsagaan Sar is not just an ancient holiday signaling the end of a long and cold winter or celebrating a new spring, but also a time for family reunion and tighten social relationships.
In preparation for this important New Year, the Mongols will clean their houses, cattle cages to welcome the new year with hygiene and cleanliness. Even before New Year’s Eve, they also washed bowls with horse milk. During the New Year Eve, the Mongols will drink tea.
When the first day come, everyone gets up before the sunrise, dress up, setting fire, eat steamed buns, drink Airag (fermented horse milk) and giving gifts. They come to visit neighbor, greet seniors and wishing good luck to each other.
The New Year in Korea is called “Original Day”, the day of the 1st lunar month. Likev Chinese and others, at the night of the lunar 30th December, the whole families would clean their homes together, hang distich and make annual feast. On the first day, in Korea there is a very specific activity is banishing devil and burning hair. ” north Korean citizen braided a straw man, put money inside, then throw into road intersection with the aim of get rid of the devils, welcome the gods. The second costume is “burning hair”: they collect hair loss daily and keep them in a make-up box, in the late afternoon they throw them out at the doorway to exorcise, and to ward off disease.
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